A new exciting book just published from Manning, with the catchy title Taming Text, by Grant S. Ingersoll (fellow Apache Lucene committer), Thomas S. Morton, and Andrew L. Farris.
Text processing has become vital for businesses to remain competitive in this digital age, with the amount of online unstructured content growing exponentially with time. Yet, text is also a messy and therefore challenging science: the complexities and nuances of human language don’t follow a few simple, easily codified rules and are still not fully understood today.
The book describe search techniques, including tokenization, indexing, suggest and spell correction. It also covers fuzzy string matching, named entity extraction (people, places, things), clustering, classification, tagging, and a question answering system (think Jeopardy).